Hematuria services offered in Miami, FL

Hematuria (blood in the urine) can be a sign of many urological issues like kidney stones. At Modern Urology, premier urologists Jose Vilaro, MD, and Adam De Fazio, MD, JD, use sophisticated diagnostic tools and cutting-edge treatments to diagnose and treat hematuria in their Miami, Florida, office. Book your appointment online or call the office to schedule your visit today.

Hematuria Q&A

What is hematuria?

Hematuria is blood in your urine. There are two general types of hematuria:

Gross hematuria

Gross hematuria is blood you can see. It usually turns your urine pink, red, or a brownish hue. 

Microscopic hematuria

Microscopic hematuria describes blood that isn’t visible to the naked eye. Medical providers can diagnose this condition by examining a urine sample under a high-powered microscope. 

Modern Urology can diagnose and treat both gross and microscopic hematuria in their office. 

What causes hematuria?

Hematuria can develop for many reasons, including: 

  • Kidney stones
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Enlarged prostate gland (benign prostatic hyperplasia or benign prostatic hypertrophy)
  • Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
  • Bladder cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Kidney cancer
  • Kidney disease
  • Urinary tract trauma

Hematuria can also be a side effect of treatment. For example, radiation therapy for prostate cancer can irritate the bladder and urethra, leading to hematuria. Or, a treatment like bladder Botox® may cause short-term hematuria.

In some cases, hematuria can be a sign of a systemic disorder (one that affects your whole body). For example, sickle cell disease affects the protein in your red blood cells to interfere with oxygen delivery within your body. This can lead to anemia, severe pain, and other issues like hematuria. 

The Modern Urology specialists use highly advanced diagnostic techniques to precisely identify the cause of your hematuria.

How is hematuria treated?

Treatment of hematuria depends on your diagnosis. Modern Urology prescribes individualized treatment plans according to each patient’s condition, with some common options including: 


Oral medications

Oral medications can range from antibiotics to prostate-shrinking drugs, based on your needs. 


Rezūm is a treatment that uses water vapor to shrink an enlarged prostate gland.


UroLift is an enlarged prostate treatment that uses tiny implants to lift your prostate gland so it won’t obstruct urination.

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)

ESWL treats kidney stones using shock waves that break them into pieces small enough to pass when you urinate.

Laser lithotripsy

Laser lithotripsy destroys kidney stones with laser energy. This procedure may also involve the removal of the remaining kidney stone pieces.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

PCNL is surgery for larger kidney stones. It involves a small incision in the back and direct kidney stone removal. 

Modern Urology resolves your hematuria and its underlying cause, in most cases using noninvasive, office-based treatments. This allows you to get back to your activities quickly. 

To learn more about hematuria solutions, call Modern Urology or click the provided online booking tool now.